The Biblical Unitarian Podcast
178: The Logos and Targum Onkelos

178: The Logos and Targum Onkelos

June 24, 2021

This episode explores how the "Word of God" (Aramaic: "memra") was used to explain the activity of the God of Israel in the Jewish Targum Onkelos. After organizing the various ways that Onkelos understands and uses the "memra" of God in the Torah, we look at John 1:1-18 to see if our reading of that passage is illuminated by the Jewish context created by Targum Onkelos. We conclude that the memra of God in Targum Onkelos is not a preexisting, conscious person alongside the God of Israel.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1P-Z6PmGg_Sp8uSUVMzw3Pt6SjWDaAC15jTG3ltHYK_g/edit?usp=sharing 

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177: Sacrifices and the Christian God (Part 2 of 2)

177: Sacrifices and the Christian God (Part 2 of 2)

June 17, 2021

In this episode, we continue exploring how early Christians understood Jesus functioning within sacrificial terminology that was reserved for God alone. The Book of Hebrews has a lot to say about Jesus as a high priest and as one who sacrificially offered himself to the one God. We also look at Paul's theology of the death of Jesus to see how the cross is understood in terms of a sin offering. Lastly, we explore the Lord's Supper--the Eucharist--to better understand how this meal was practiced in terms of remembering and even participating in Jesus' sacrifice to God.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/15GoI-0DWbTZga7bf_Yzd_eHbUlYJViadtGArfI9h5A0/edit?usp=sharing     

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176: Sacrifices and the Christian God (Part 1)

176: Sacrifices and the Christian God (Part 1)

June 10, 2021

In this episode, we explore the function of sacrifices in the Ancient Near East, particularly in the ways they were differentiated from acts of worship and bowing down. Since the gods were understood to be the intended object of the offering of sacrifices and burnt offerings, we are able to examine early Christian "sacrificial" language to see whom they regarded as the true object. We note in our survey that God alone is the object of Christian "sacrifice" language, never Jesus Christ, while Jesus is sometimes the agent through whom sacrifices are made to the one God.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1CAoPPx0skTINJtqutW2bQ-lf54YnmdlYJUrsftJpZd0/edit?usp=sharing    

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175: Was Jesus a Monotheist?

175: Was Jesus a Monotheist?

June 3, 2021

In this episode, we explore a 2004 article written by James Dunn on whether Jesus Christ was a Jewish monotheist. Dunn argues from Jesus' pious upbringing, his teachings within the gospel accounts, and the lasting impact upon his earliest followers that Jesus was, in fact, an adherer to monotheism.

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VX7cCy_OyUDcJAGjTMmTSk49LcaOxcLlY39-MDeCQ_A/edit?usp=sharing   

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