The Biblical Unitarian Podcast
183: Paul’s Use of OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - Part 2

183: Paul’s Use of OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - Part 2

July 29, 2021

This week's episode continues to explore the ways in which Paul cites OT Yahweh passages for Christ (and for God). We note that Paul is flexible with some of his quotations, demonstrating that the original referent in the OT citation can come to have a new referent in Paul's letters. We also explore a passage that David Capes, a leading scholar in the field of early high Christology, argues is a OT Yahweh passage used for Jesus. Lastly, we consider how Paul justifies citing Isaiah 45:23 for God in Romans and for Jesus in Philippians.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1bQcJFyJtwTy6HC8-48_0_kLbCqpBhuK5-Wl3lOxAJAE/edit?usp=sharing      

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182: Paul’s Use of OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - Part 1

182: Paul’s Use of OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - Part 1

July 22, 2021

In this episode, we begin exploring how the Apostle Paul used OT YHWH texts for both God and for Jesus. We note how Philippians 2 indicates that God has shared the divine name with the risen and exalted Jesus. We also see another passage referring to Jesus' lordship that indicates that he possesses the shared divine name, which Paul indicates with a YHWH citation from the Old Testament. Lastly, we look at the arguments and conclusions of a prominent scholar who sees Paul's use of YHWH texts for Jesus as evidence of early high Christology.

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1pqYOUdOOAv8nIcmISQoVgAyyAPJ1zwHVZWwwLyRRk-o/edit?usp=sharing     

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181: OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - An Introduction

181: OT Yahweh Texts for Jesus - An Introduction

July 15, 2021

The New Testament authors felt comfortable using Yahweh texts from the Hebrew Bible for the human Jesus. Some scholars have concluded that this data indicates that the NT authors identified Jesus as Yahweh, but this is problematic for many reasons. This episode will introduce the concept of OT Yahweh passages used in the NT for Jesus, looking at some examples as well as some helpful parallels in second temple Judaism. We conclude by using Mark 1:3--which cites Isaiah 40:3 for Jesus--as a test case suggesting that Jesus is the authorized and empowered agent of Yahweh.

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1s7Mm0AKD9dTkqSGu3wrmmnCkpqIcvNyopGSl_io69eg/edit?usp=sharing    

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180: Making Sense of Titus 2:13

180: Making Sense of Titus 2:13

July 8, 2021

This episode closely studies Titus 2:13--a passage that is often used to suggest Jesus Christ is called "God." Titus 2:13 is a well-known ambiguous passage when it comes to the Greek, and it is certainly possible that Jesus is distinguished from the great God (i.e., the Father). This episode will look at both interpretations, examine the strengths of their arguments, and offer a nuanced reading that takes into account the overlooked reference to God's glory. 

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jKmwF_BsIfujsjV5FNX9UJR65w17mkJHwdKoZh688Zg/edit?usp=sharing   

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179: The Logos and Targum Neofiti

179: The Logos and Targum Neofiti

July 1, 2021

In this episode, we explore how the concept of God's "word" (Aramaic: "memra") is used in Targum Neofiti. After surveying the four ways in which this Aramaic Targum interprets the activity of the God of Israel in light of his word/memra, we turn to the prologue of John's Gospel (John 1:1-18) in order to see how the context created by Neofiti's use of word/memra helps us better understand God and his Logos. 

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/18CWkJ59IuYqtt0fu_HWIUVUEQsHVV7V9oojqPc8Ht_8/edit?usp=sharing  

Check out some of my videos on YouTube at:

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCG5H6oqEnhFjdUryhDOYSvQ 

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