The Biblical Unitarian Podcast
131: The Early Christian View of God in Romans

131: The Early Christian View of God in Romans

July 30, 2020

Paul's massive letter to the Romans has much to say about monotheism, Christology, and the relationship between God and Jesus. For Paul, God continues to be one person, as expressed in the Jewish Shema. Jesus is the descendant of David and the second Adam--a human being. This episode also explores some of the trickier passages in Romans surrounding the person of Jesus and his exalted role as Lord. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1QTIibg8TPdzXCVUsLNlRMa6GE5tF7Cbg_qKOMCFKj-8/edit?usp=sharing 

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130: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Corinthians

130: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Corinthians

July 23, 2020

In this episode, we examine 2 Corinthians to see how Paul understands the true God and the risen Jesus. We discuss the benediction of 2 Corinthians which is often thought of being a reference to the Trinity. Furthermore, we examine the theology of the "rich" Jesus who became poor, asking if this is even a reference to incarnation at all. We also pay special attention to the theology of the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/12L0XX3af0Dn4OytXL65fsCbGkO-fdGdXWrMUZhZXJ9Y/edit?usp=sharing   

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129: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Corinthians

129: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Corinthians

July 16, 2020

In 1 Corinthians, Paul clearly defines the Christian God to be one person, the Father. Jesus is the human Messiah whose death was sufficient to cover sins. The risen and exalted Jesus remains subordinate to the Father in both rank and function. Paul also details his Wisdom Christology in 1 Corinthians, and in doing so he regards God's personified Wisdom as the type of the man Jesus Christ.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FJHrawiMUgvekPpJRvTCBzGcj6Gn_bRvrk62T1L0trc/edit?usp=sharing    

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128: The Early Christian View of God in Galatians

128: The Early Christian View of God in Galatians

July 9, 2020

In this episode, we look at how God and Christ are portrayed in the early letter of Galatians. We note that Paul regards God as a single person, as the Father alone. Furthermore, we observe that Jesus is the Son of God who was born of a woman and who died. God, of course, woke Jesus up from the dead. The resurrected Jesus represents believers as those who are "in Christ"--that is, those who are represented by the anointed king Jesus.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1DiDewqlKqyUEbpB5hQauU0LhfX_IiDsvW2WDN77bbTA/edit?usp=sharing  

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127: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Thessalonians

127: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Thessalonians

July 2, 2020

How did early Christians understand the exalted Jesus alongside the one true God of Israel in 2 Thessalonians? This episode examines the contents of this epistle in order to see if the Jewish God is anything other than a single self--the Father. Furthermore, we look at how the exalted Jesus is described with titles, roles, and acts of judgment. Lastly, we consider whether the Lord Jesus Christ is "our God" in a disputed passage.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1v2yEJgtV1CZ6lOO6H5KYLFRGWOIscMwigRV2fdGkOYY/edit?usp=sharing 

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126: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Thessalonians

126: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Thessalonians

June 25, 2020

In what ways did early Christianity depict God and Christ in terms of Jewish monotheism? Some scholars have argued that, in various ways, the distinction between God and Jesus were blurred by early Christians, especially Paul. This episode looks at 1 Thessalonians, the early document in the New Testament, to determine how Paul depicted the risen Jesus in relation to the monotheistic God of Judaism. 1 Thessalonians repeatedly insists that the Father is the true God and that Jesus is our Lord, through whom God actively works.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZHnYhwoO2_COp14szenErqoaomhp3iy4q8cNZvGYUmo/edit?usp=sharing 

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125: The John 1:18 Show

125: The John 1:18 Show

June 18, 2020

John 1:18 concludes the Prologue of the Fourth Gospel. In doing so, it has much to say about God and Jesus. John 1:18 defines the unseen God as the Father alone, thus distinguishing Jesus from God. There is also a tricky textual variant in John 1:18 that continues to divide commentators and translations. Arguments are made in favor of the "unique son" reading as the original. Lastly, the unique son who explains the unseen God defines the relationship between the two that will appear frequently in the Fourth Gospel's narrative.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XWPxJatJaY5Jk0A9dHCLyZugeyesHzdueW54IBYo8Fk/edit?usp=sharing 

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124: The Meaning of “Protos” in The Prologue of John

124: The Meaning of “Protos” in The Prologue of John

June 11, 2020

What does "protos" mean in John 1:15? Is John the Baptist saying that Jesus outranked him or that Jesus was before John in some sense? This episode dives deep into John 1:15 and weighs the strengths and weaknesses of the two different meanings of the ambiguous Greek word "protos". The study concludes by situating John 1:15 in light of the Prologue's theology of Jesus as the embodiment of God's personified word and wisdom.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1e75HaQ5LyEf8arfqZtCRI0vOu1pjCirVtoZKtQkAqHM/edit?usp=sharing 

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123: The Meaning and Origin of Monogenes (John 1:14)

123: The Meaning and Origin of Monogenes (John 1:14)

June 4, 2020

While John 1:14 has traditionally regarded Jesus as the "only-begotten" one, modern lexical experts are arguing that "unique" or "one of a kind" is a more accurate translation. This episode explores how the Prologue and the rest of the Gospel of John use this Greek adjective "monogenes" in regard to the human Jesus. In doing so, we focus on the meaning of the adjective and its origins within Jewish depictions of Lady Wisdom.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/10q2EqcYghOWeNPZ-sX5bj98zX_5R3hL2OYD80fAs7cE/edit?usp=sharing

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122: The Embodied Logos That Pitched His Tent (John 1:14)

122: The Embodied Logos That Pitched His Tent (John 1:14)

May 28, 2020

In John 1:14, God's personified Logos becomes flesh and "pitched his tent" in a manner that suggests a tabernacle and temple theme. This episode explores the imagery of the Logos "pitching his tent" within Jewish wisdom traditions. We discuss how the man Jesus functions as the new temple presence within the Fourth Gospel, drawing people unto himself while teaching within the physical temple. Lastly, we explore the relevance of the temple's glory in its close link with God's wisdom.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1hBDjyqtjTXM6qj31SsTUxHE0aZ3LP1ZVdw4X492HsIE/edit?usp=sharing    

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121: The Origins of the Word Becoming Flesh (John 1:14)

121: The Origins of the Word Becoming Flesh (John 1:14)

May 21, 2020

John 1:14 indicates that the Word--God's personified speech--becomes flesh as the human being Jesus. This episode shows how the embodiment of God's personified attributes was depicted in previous portrayals of Lady Wisdom, specifically in Proverbs, Sirach, and Philo. The Prologue, which has been deeply influenced by Jewish wisdom speculation, must be read in light of this important evidence.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jUWYH5Kd63pDh4r3Ak6fp7JR47kVZu7Et4-AC2RiNO0/edit?usp=sharing   

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120: The Mission of the Logos in the Prologue

120: The Mission of the Logos in the Prologue

May 14, 2020

The Prologue of John portrays the Logos coming to the world and interacting with its people. Many refused to receive the Logos, but some believed and became children of God. This episode explores how the Logos is to be understood as coming to the world in the ministry of Jesus, who summons the world to believe.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/18FS6c5JUs3eOeyYY3ZDxpSpCgtVSIlCppbV--YmLLgY/edit?usp=sharing  

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119: John the Baptist and the Logos that Enlightens

119: John the Baptist and the Logos that Enlightens

May 7, 2020

The Prologue of the Fourth Gospel depicts the Logos in terms of life and light for human beings. These terms become symbolic of noteworthy narrative points that are picked up later in the Fourth Gospel. The Prologue also introduces John the Baptist and depicts him as one who testifies about the light of the world (Jesus) who summons humanity unto belief.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Dxcp2GlCg2n8otjT7I3kwHLKn6p0j660eGl_wvcdHCU/edit?usp=sharing 

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118: John 1:3 and Creating through Word and Wisdom

118: John 1:3 and Creating through Word and Wisdom

April 30, 2020

This episode focusses entirely on John 1:3 and its Jewish wisdom context. Prior to the writing of the Prologue of John, many Jews and Christians regarded acts in creation in terms of God making all things through his personified word/wisdom. We also explore the influences on John 1:3 from Genesis chapter one.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1D-mh1HhkQfz_jI-XHXMlnmhz5GbI4KeQ037nCuGQJNs/edit?usp=sharing 

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117: Exploring the Phrase “the Word Was God” in John 1:1

117: Exploring the Phrase “the Word Was God” in John 1:1

April 23, 2020

This episode seeks to inform our listeners of what some modern scholars are saying about the last phrase in John 1:1, "the Word was God." These specialists argue that "the Word" and "God" are clearly distinguished and that "God" is an adjectival predication for the personified Word.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1iy1-kuX8fL0eqx7IbGGG-u2WQdbf2GoCZTJwakVr5jQ/edit?usp=sharing 

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116: The Origins of Johannine Logos That Was “With God”

116: The Origins of Johannine Logos That Was “With God”

April 16, 2020

In this episode, we explore how portrayals of the personified word and personified wisdom of God influenced the opening line of John's Gospel, i.e. "the Word was with God." We note several Jewish texts--all predating the Gospel of John--where poets depicted God with his word/wisdom, without suggesting that these personified attributes were conscious divine persons.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1fcEa1n_5KucuQdVEy7j3OeITALzes_UMiaf6qgTWFj0/edit?usp=sharing                 

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115: The Origins of the Johannine Logos in the Hebrew Bible

115: The Origins of the Johannine Logos in the Hebrew Bible

April 9, 2020

This episode explores the origins of the Logos from what is depicted in John chapter 1, the "word" that was present "in the beginning" as well as existing "with God." We look into the Hebrew counterpart of Logos within the Old Testament, surveying its range of lexical meaning. This episode gives special attention to the passages in the Old Testament where the "word" is personified as an agent of God's creation and redemption.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/19nwiwgJJupaVEz9Qk9MVnHn7gdnPLZ-OfnT2J0Uq9Hw/edit?usp=sharing                

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114: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 7 of 7)

114: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 7 of 7)

April 2, 2020

As we conclude our study on the "Son of Man" sayings in the Gospel of John, we note an insistence that Jesus is a representative figure for human beings, who are drawn unto him. Also, we observe particular stress upon the fact that Jesus died fully and completely, indicating his mortality. Moreover, we discuss the hour of the Son of Man's glorification and note how this helps frame the important relationship between the true God and his human agent, Jesus.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1n5JCnjVi5Ih4rurq24SilmUqZM37BYiJ2hJoVvrU4B0/edit?usp=sharing               

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113: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 6)

113: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 6)

March 26, 2020

In John chapter 9, the blind man is healed and confesses Jesus as the Son of Man. In doing so, we learn that the Son of Man is a fully-fledged human being, functioning as God's agent. Those who do not regard Jesus as the true agent of God in the passage are judged as blind and still in their sins.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1G--AkQD4LLGPK2ob78FwwWiy7eC1EgWSmTNZT5tr-Yc/edit?usp=sharing              

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112: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 5)

112: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 5)

March 19, 2020

In John 8:28, the Son of Man claims "I am he." This has lead to a variety of interpretations. This episode looks at three modern scholarly views of what this phrase means for our current passage and the Gospel of John as a whole.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ahe7DZ_lAU-70jo-lrZhZJAUKCqbwDQYTtx8bcv37nk/edit?usp=sharing             

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111: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 4)

111: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 4)

March 12, 2020

This episode focusses on John 6:62, where the Son of Man speaks of the scandal of ascending to where he was previously. How can we take seriously the identity of the Son of Man as the human agent of God while also giving fair weight to the insistence that he is to ascend to where he was before? This episode provides a balanced interpretation worth considering.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XEotiKY2tvLAVOiIYc0Yylnl63d4zJTNMDkewIt6tcA/edit?usp=sharing            

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110: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 3)

110: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 3)

March 5, 2020

In John chapter six, the narrative presents Jesus as the Son of Man who is the bread of life. In doing so, Jesus is portrayed as a human being in the strongest possible terms. However, the Son of Man's flesh is also depicted as coming down out of heaven, arguably as a reference to Logos Christology and Wisdom Christology.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-YBClAqJa377qOFvcCM6a3_3uMoXKWG2HHynZfsquVc/edit?usp=sharing           

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109: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 2)

109: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 2)

February 27, 2020

As we continue our exploration into the Fourth Gospel's depiction of Jesus as the Son of Man, we observe that this human being is to be the object of a believer's faith. We also note that the Son of Man is authorized to exercise divine prerogatives, specifically, to give eternal life and to execute judgment.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1E0cM44wCYWOK0D58X3060OwEjKJvAd3HIjMWHaXqkRk/edit?usp=sharing          

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108: Introducing ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John

108: Introducing ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John

February 20, 2020

The Gospel of John has many 'Son of Man' sayings that are not located in the previous three Gospels. In this episode, we explore the Son of Man who acts as the ladder between the open heavens and those on earth. We also explore how this authorized human being functions exclusive revealer of the things of heaven while remaining an actual human being.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/19A7EaVlwwTMQBE64W8xlwZ7n-KGzuOtO-ZkoZC5QBaw/edit?usp=sharing         

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107: Luke’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

107: Luke’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

February 13, 2020

In this episode, we explore the Gospel of Luke and its understanding of Jesus' favorite self-reference, the Son of Man. In doing so, we discuss passages where Jesus is the human representative of the suffering people of God, both past and present, as well as depictions of the Son of Man as 'Wisdom' and as the mortal one who died and rose.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mRHPeGKlovgOAnYyZIshZmd3OK7mP9WL-Udug1Iy8yQ/edit?usp=sharing         

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106: A Further Look at Matthew’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

106: A Further Look at Matthew’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

February 6, 2020

As we continue our study through the Gospel of Matthew to better understand the Christological significance of Jesus' favorite self-reference "the Son of Man," we encounter passages where the Son of Man possesses authority over the angels, the right to rule as a king, and the role of judge. We also find that Jesus calls other human beings his "brothers"-- further indicating that the Son of Man is an authentic member of the human race.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1KroDeHvxftGtuq_5cXNbOEdqK5AA8vV0FPXot-8t22A/edit?usp=sharing         

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105: An Introduction to Matthew’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

105: An Introduction to Matthew’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

January 30, 2020

The Gospel of Matthew has additional sayings about the Son of Man that are absent from the Gospel of Mark. In this episode, we begin to explore these sayings in Matthew, where the Son of Man is a rejected figure, a figure who "comes," one who speaks in terms of Lady Wisdom, and who is greater than Jonah and Solomon. However, Matthew appears to frame this Christology in terms of Jesus as a high ranking human Messiah.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1UTfqwZR7xKa-kmJrafyeFVgQgyx-kHKYPGlnPGGkqDc/edit?usp=sharing          

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104: The Trial of the ‘Son of Man’ in Mark

104: The Trial of the ‘Son of Man’ in Mark

January 23, 2020

In the final 'Son of Man' story within the Gospel of Mark, Jesus stands before the High Priest in a trial regarding Jesus' temple actions and claims to being the Messiah. The messianic secret is finally revealed to Israel's leadership, but Jesus' claim to being the human Son of Man possessing authority from God results in being sentenced to death.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PS0rc8DrEepCldF6t8ph_NgA-2H60pjhq5AiHw-Q3YA/edit?usp=sharing         

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103: The Predicted Death of Mark’s ‘Son of Man’

103: The Predicted Death of Mark’s ‘Son of Man’

January 16, 2020

In the Gospel of Mark, Jesus says that the demise of the Son of Man is predicted in Scripture. However, there are no explicit passages within the Hebrew Bible that talk about the suffering and death of a 'son of man' figure. This episode explores the possibility that Daniel chapter 7 was the passage Jesus had in mind and draws from this passage the implications for the Christology of the title 'Son of Man' in Mark.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/17kE2Uv1l1UnYSDJU1ahsDL2VfMJzyS_CErrIWzCQL6k/edit?usp=sharing        

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102: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Revealed in the Olivet Discourse

102: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Revealed in the Olivet Discourse

January 9, 2020

In Mark chapter 13, Jesus gives the Olivet Discourse that tells of a coming tribulation that is to face the people of God. What most readers miss is that Mark portrays the events surrounding the betrayal, suffering, and death of the Son of Man with much of the same language that was used in Mark 13. This episode explores the relevance of the Son of Man representing the suffering people of God and how this strengthens the argument that the Son of Man is a human being.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1bvczQ5DLuuQ849r-TaIPw6YItUDD9EkGZamIjabeoN4/edit?usp=sharing       

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101: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Bearing the Father’s Glory

101: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Bearing the Father’s Glory

January 2, 2020

The Gospel of Mark portrays the Son of Man returning with God's glory to act as judge. What are we to make of the Son of Man who performs God's role of judge and bears God's glory? Do these descriptions make Jesus divine, or are they indicators that God has empowered Jesus as an exceptional human agent of the true God? This episode explores these points within the depiction of the Son of Man in Mark 8:38.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/11cv1yatwOO5k5QL7MseMLUSqZeWfR9SbHy1kcEu9AZQ/edit?usp=sharing       

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100: Mark’s Suffering and Dying ‘Son of Man’

100: Mark’s Suffering and Dying ‘Son of Man’

December 26, 2019

The vocation of the Christ in Mark's Gospel is unpacked as the Son of Man who is to be rejected and killed. This episode explores how this expansion of the role belonging to Israel's Messiah, precisely as an authorized human being, contributes to Mark's Christology and discipleship.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1vq0TU1RYS-ND_YimzXEpVPSEm84luOzq5I6qAlSD0BQ/edit?usp=sharing      

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099: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Who Has Authority on the Sabbath

099: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Who Has Authority on the Sabbath

December 19, 2019

In the conflict story of Jesus' authority on the Sabbath, the title "Son of Man" is again referenced in Mark's Gospel. This episode explores what Jesus means with this title and how it makes the most sense as a reference to a special human agent of the true God who bears considerable authority.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/14hCH_ya2F47PVsgM_JvLEAIYHdqfSMXZvm7zODdmBhc/edit?usp=sharing     

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098: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Who Forgives Sins

098: Mark’s ‘Son of Man’ Who Forgives Sins

December 12, 2019

Mark's Gospel depicts its very first occurrence of Jesus claiming to be the Son of Man in a conflict story regarding whether Jesus can forgive sins--a feat typically reserved for God alone. This episode explores how Jesus is portrayed as the authorized Son of Man as a window into the high human christology of Mark.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1UkYhRoaD3oq0wH2pq-tQO03Iimai5Rp2EMjWKzxMhU0/edit?usp=sharing    

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097: The ‘Son of Man’ According to Daniel

097: The ‘Son of Man’ According to Daniel

December 5, 2019

It seems clear that Jesus Christ drew heavily of the depiction of the 'one like a son of man' in Daniel 7:13. What are we to make of this enigmatic figure? This episode seeks to understand what can be reasonably known about Daniel's 'son of man' and speculate on what significance Jesus might have drawn from its imagery.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/13iUwU-xxMJT-sawAVI0eWQKdh4d7C1PN0TZmV0kVZKg/edit?usp=sharing   

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096: Origins of The Phrase ‘Son of Man’

096: Origins of The Phrase ‘Son of Man’

November 28, 2019

Jesus used the phrase 'Son of Man' of himself more frequently than any other title. What was it about this phrase that was so important to Jesus? This episode seeks to explore the origins of the phrase by looking at its appearances within the Hebrew Bible. We conclude that 'son of man' casually indicates a mortal human being.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/148LDkFSSssS52i1CA1lEldn5NTZtzR4L38IyVwI2BqU/edit?usp=sharing   

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095: Is Matthew 28:19 Corrupted Scripture?

095: Is Matthew 28:19 Corrupted Scripture?

November 21, 2019

Is the reference to baptism "in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit" in Matt 28:19 authentic Scripture? Many argue today that this verse has been tampered with and is now corrupt. This episode seeks to ascertain the details of Matt 28:19 and its original reading.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FgPIs3qr3abWAUf3UE2F7hQ4nvAaB_8ziUqqIxSB2Co/edit?usp=sharing  

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094: Is Jesus a Heavenly Angel in John’s Apocalypse?

094: Is Jesus a Heavenly Angel in John’s Apocalypse?

November 14, 2019

Although the Book of Revelation is ignored and regarded as confusing by many Christians, some have insisted that it portrays the risen Jesus as one of the heavenly angels. In fact, a few published books by PhD-holding scholars have contributed to this argument. This episode examines their arguments to see if the Book of Revelation, like the rest of the New Testament, depicts Jesus as the human Messiah or as a heavenly angel.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1tC2Slfe25MX6s8H7hSHRopd7338SHepoYqeH_Krrjjc/edit?usp=sharing 

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093: Is Jesus a Heavenly Angel in Hebrews or 1 Peter?

093: Is Jesus a Heavenly Angel in Hebrews or 1 Peter?

November 7, 2019

What sort of picture of Jesus do we get from examining the arguments of Hebrews and 1 Peter? Is Jesus, in some sense, a heavenly angel? Or is Jesus the highly exalted human Messiah, seated at Yahweh's right hand? The writers of Hebrews and 1 Peter seem to suggest the latter.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1j0-X69_j7RwGLM7bWT1nOjWpj4URqv5jgu7piBGSJ6c/edit?usp=sharing

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092: Did Paul Think that the Risen Jesus was a Heavenly Angel? (Part 2 of 2)

092: Did Paul Think that the Risen Jesus was a Heavenly Angel? (Part 2 of 2)

October 31, 2019

This episode will look at some objections to suggesting that Paul regarded the risen Jesus as a human being. Two passages within the letters of Paul are often pointed to in order to argue that Paul actually did think of the risen Jesus as a nonhuman heavenly angel, even an archangel. This episode examines Gal. 4:14 and 1 Thes. 4:16 to determine what they teach regarding the risen Jesus' identity.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1o3Vl03pkmHY6dCTajVi5HygMe6HtGKEFAugJJ5iULbs/edit?usp=sharing  

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091: Did Paul Think that the Risen Jesus was a Heavenly Angel? (Part 1 of 2)

091: Did Paul Think that the Risen Jesus was a Heavenly Angel? (Part 1 of 2)

October 24, 2019

According to the Apostle Paul, Jesus was highly exalted after his resurrection. Was this exaltation a transformation into one of the heavenly angels, perhaps even into an archangel? This episode will examine the theology of Paul to discern if he understood the risen Jesus as a member of the heavenly hosts of angels or whether he is still a human being.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/12weXx24jcEYGBvNIDDei9hZkFlTjJmnyHWTOTS96lko/edit?usp=sharing  

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090: Was Jesus Exalted to the Status of Heavenly Angels After His Resurrection?

090: Was Jesus Exalted to the Status of Heavenly Angels After His Resurrection?

October 17, 2019

Was Jesus transformed, in his resurrected and exalted state, to one of the heavenly angels? Or did the human Jesus remain human in his exalted status? This episode will explore the preaching of the early Church as summarized in the theology of the Book of Acts to see if Jesus was portrayed as one of the heavenly angels.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FHm27VvW_dtihpJ080DBTBGaaAf1sz40D9OI6Gi1GSo/edit?usp=sharing 

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089: Do the Gospels of Mark and John Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

089: Do the Gospels of Mark and John Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

October 10, 2019

In our final study of the NT Gospels, we turn to Mark and John to see if they portray Jesus as an angel from heaven. While both of these Gospels offer verses involving both Jesus and the heavenly angels, never once is there a suggestion that these two categories are to be confused with one another. Jesus is regarded as the human Messiah, both prior to and after his resurrection.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1P-PkGgk0Ll4HwKKrMpimyD8ohfB7xhagp7aX03fbt4g/edit?usp=sharing  

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088: Does the Gospel of Luke Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

088: Does the Gospel of Luke Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

October 3, 2019

In this episode, we examine the Gospel of Luke and its portrayal of Jesus Christ to see if he is regarded as one of the heavenly angels. Although Luke mentions Jesus and angels together in quite a few passages, the two are never confused. There is no indication that Luke wanted his readers to understand Jesus as a heavenly angel, whether prior to his birth, in his earthly ministry, or after the resurrection. Jesus remains the human Messiah, according to the Gospel of Luke.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ag5CRl0mjUFToKWVeSxXO7_RV7m7rOPeVY9wCui3eso/edit?usp=sharing 

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087: Does the Gospel of Matthew Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

087: Does the Gospel of Matthew Portray Jesus as a Heavenly Angel?

September 26, 2019

Does the Gospel of Matthew portray Jesus Christ as a heavenly angel? Did an angel become incarnate in the human Jesus at his birth? Did Jesus rise from the dead in the form of an archangel? This episode seeks to answer these questions in regard to the identity of Jesus within the Gospel of Matthew.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nOdT4mu5MmN3a1zwvLv1Nd_R-OD0-F0ANE6nrSOeYlk/edit?usp=sharing      

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086: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 3 of 3)

086: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 3 of 3)

September 19, 2019

In our final study of angels acting as representative agents of the one true God within the Old Testament, we explore the identity of Jacob's wrestling partner and the function of an angel in enacting judgment on behalf of God. We also ask whether God used an angel to rescue the Israelites out of Egypt.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1n_Qzw97fVDIC9an6dG6HNCLLmsuud7guFLZec_ECPVE/edit?usp=sharing     

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085: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 2)

085: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 2)

September 12, 2019

This episode continues that study of how angels function as fully authorized representatives of the one true God. In doing so, they often speak the words of God, are addressed as 'God', and bear the divine name. However, these messengers were never to be confused with the true God, since they acted as representative agents.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1IvHb_RGGWUNzFl_H8XRR-7mDyWU58uXDGa0PdB9E4jM/edit?usp=sharing    

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084: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 1)

084: Angels as Agents of the One True God (Part 1)

September 5, 2019

If heavenly angels are messengers of God, then what can they tell us about how God sends and authorizes agents? This episode looks at passages in Genesis where angels communicate with Hagar and Jacob in order to better understand the interaction between God and his heavenly messengers.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ofNhWZsqKCM1QPdtd115UWuZLzcysOhyFkFPs2ENMN0/edit?usp=sharing   

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083: Paul’s Theology on the Relationship Between Jesus and the Spirit (Part 4 of 4)

083: Paul’s Theology on the Relationship Between Jesus and the Spirit (Part 4 of 4)

August 29, 2019

This episode explores some of the most difficult passages in Paul that overlap the functions of the risen Jesus and the Holy Spirit. We ultimately conclude that the Spirit is the medium that connects believers in fellowship with the resurrected and exalted Jesus, now seated in heaven.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1UlesKqEV8F5Sp3GR2rIk5YJYQjGinTfdGZmHihGaDQw/edit?usp=sharing  

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082: Paul’s Theology on the Relationship Between Jesus and the Spirit (Part 3)

082: Paul’s Theology on the Relationship Between Jesus and the Spirit (Part 3)

August 22, 2019

This episode seeks to better understand Paul's theology of Christ and the Spirit as two overlapping experiences for believers. These interactions between the risen Jesus and the Holy Spirit are exhibited in the behavioral change of the people of God, their transformation into the image of God, and the organization of the baptized body of Christ. In short, Paul seems to regard the Spirit as the manner in which Christian communities experience the risen Jesus.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/13QOcVCjlmwDrYrKphBqdy-YXxLrAvhhQ2XiGyKreaWo/edit?usp=sharing 

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