The Biblical Unitarian Podcast
156: Why You Should Worship the Lamb (Revelation Chapter 5)

156: Why You Should Worship the Lamb (Revelation Chapter 5)

January 21, 2021

In Revelation chapter 5, the ideal readers initiate a worship hymn to Jesus. In doing so, the reasons for Jesus' worthiness are detailed, giving attentive readers a better understanding of why hymnic praise can (and should) be offered to a highly exalted human being. This episode explores the hymn offered to Jesus and encourages its listeners to become participants, rather than mere readers.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1LNsjb7YjJmIYmBo0c-i1ex0gLYikcIwjdrwR8yEDeWQ/edit?usp=sharing 

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155: Hymnic Worship in Revelation Chapter 4

155: Hymnic Worship in Revelation Chapter 4

January 14, 2021

The Book of Revelation offers seven hymns that tell us much about the worship practices of the early church. This episode looks at Revelation's first hymn, located in chapter 4. The object is the one seated upon the throne, who is repeatedly expressed with singular pronouns and verbs. We also look at how the ideal readers of Revelation are invited to participate in this hymn through active worship practices, by singing about God's unique role as the Creator, and even acknowledging creation's preexistence within God's foreknowledge.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1kez50rgZhGr1AocPWj8i50u7I0W23mp0FFunP2fAQSk/edit?usp=sharing 

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154: Jesus as the Word of God in Revelation

154: Jesus as the Word of God in Revelation

January 7, 2021

In Revelation 19:13 Jesus is called "the word of God." Is this a reference to the Prologue of John's Gospel, where the word is with God in the beginning? Or is the word of God a descriptive reference to Jesus' own preaching of the gospel of the kingdom? This episode explores how the phrase "word of God" functions in the Book of Revelation, looking closely at Jesus himself as a faithful witness of the good news.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Yq-JzO444fpPKt5Hke7eo0BPcQe1hkiRv_iTggM_opE/edit?usp=sharing    

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153: The Christology of the Covenantal Groom

153: The Christology of the Covenantal Groom

December 31, 2020

Within both testaments of the Bible, the covenant is often portrayed in terms of a marriage. While the Hebrew Bible regards Yahweh as the covenantal husband, the New Testament unambiguously insists that the husband is now Jesus. This episode explores how both testaments depict the marriage metaphor within the covenant relationship in order to discern the Christological implications of the husband/groom.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1YY29bln8YjHz0LeXvpruYisbKo00REQiG4daSyM3SiU/edit?usp=sharing   

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152: The Unholy and Holy Triads in the Book of Revelation

152: The Unholy and Holy Triads in the Book of Revelation

December 24, 2020

Biblical scholars and commentaries on the Book of Revelation often portray the three antagonists--the dragon, the beast, and the false prophet--loosely as the "unholy Trinity." The implication is that the unholy Trinity must be the evil counterpart to the "Holy Trinity." This episode explores these concepts and examines whether "trinity" is an appropriate term for the three antagonists. We also look at the parallels between the unholy triad and the holy triad to see if the doctrine of the Trinity is actually presented in the Book of Revelation. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1OLF9kNiWfQRaqvZMjeDfujFR8mYNxvBktNjnnTMFg88/edit?usp=sharing  

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151: The Leto Myth and Christology in Revelation 12

151: The Leto Myth and Christology in Revelation 12

December 17, 2020

Revelation 12:1-6 depicts the cosmic struggle between the woman and the dragon. While modern readers are probably correct in interpreting these figures are the people of God and the devil, they often fail to note that this story is a retelling of an ancient mythic fable involving the woman Leto and the dragon Python. This episode explores the Leto Myth and compares it with its Christian retelling in Revelation 12 in order to see the Christology presented for Revelation's readers to adopt.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1X4olm2ZmjwGHe6TCo16RATR1wjCepLpnNSkIrC3XJaU/edit?usp=sharing    

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150: The Lion and Lamb

150: The Lion and Lamb

December 10, 2020

The Christology within the Book of Revelation portrays Jesus as both a lion and a lamb. This episode explores these images, asks about their messianic significance, and places special emphasis on the literary motif where the lamb further defines the manner in which Jesus conquered as a lion. The result is that Jesus is thoroughly regarded as a human ruler who descended from a long line of notable Israelite persons.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/13MrOT9GGOnSUTgTgOURtg_9gaIdYOSQrWad18DGZLQU/edit?usp=sharing     

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149: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 3 of 3

149: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 3 of 3

December 3, 2020

As Jesus speaks to the Christian communities in Philadelphia and Laodecia, much can be gathered about the Christology presented in the Book of Revelation. Various titles insist that Jesus is a trustworthy and reliable speaker. Furthermore, Jesus differentiates himself from God, who is identified as Jesus' God and Jesus' Father. Moreover, we learn that God has shared his prerogatives of kingship and dominion with the risen and exalted Jesus.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/13SU_BuFy9couiUrtUPnV4zzdIvrviqsy3g2E_MUjpN4/edit?usp=sharing    

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148: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 2

148: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 2

November 26, 2020

When Jesus reveals himself to the churches in Thyatira and Sardis, we learn much about the Christology of the Book of Revelation. This episode explores how Jesus presents himself to these two Christian communities. We pay special attention to how Jesus frames himself in light of the history and social setting of these cities. Furthermore, we note how Jesus still has a God, who is the Father of Jesus. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1UcEwvHEQfiFuTYOj7S9XPX_XLbDuNdHgVboH9ZANTVA/edit?usp=sharing   

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147: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 1

147: Jesus Speaks to the Churches of Asia Minor - Part 1

November 19, 2020

The risen Jesus appeared to John the Seer and told him to write what he saw to seven churches in Asia Minor. Within these letters, Jesus speaks in ways that reveal a lot about who he is and the authority he possesses. This episode explores the first three letters to the seven churches in Revelation to see what we can learn about Jesus. What we find is a Jesus that makes the most sense within a high human christological paradigm.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1VBkVTF-okPtTrkDFeR6Lk0Rjyyc_MEXAK0dVKsf0pK4/edit?usp=sharing  

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146: The Appearance of Jesus to John in the Book of Revelation

146: The Appearance of Jesus to John in the Book of Revelation

November 12, 2020

In Revelation chapter 1, the exalted Jesus appears to John the Seer. John offers readers many descriptions of Jesus that reveal much about his personal Christology. This episode looks at seven of these characteristics and examines them from a Jewish theological perspective, from a Roman imperial perspective, and from a scriptural allusion perspective. What we find is that Jesus is a highly exalted and greatly authorized human being. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1319nifU40wA7UxnBMWHxUI-ISGD8cB3LCFDNKJzfqHM/edit?usp=sharing 

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145: Does the Book of Revelation Portray Jesus as God? 2 Test Cases

145: Does the Book of Revelation Portray Jesus as God? 2 Test Cases

November 5, 2020

In this episode, we explore the implications of Jesus being described in terms that associate him with the Lord God. Our first test case examines the combined biblical citations of God being pierced and the Son of Man. The second test case seeks to understand the meaning of the title "Alpha and Omega" which is used by the Lord God and by Jesus. We conclude that Jesus Christ is regularly portrayed as an authorized human being who has received prerogatives, kingship, and glory from the true God. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1g1RBDQK9x-W0zFn6HjFslaGcdEyOY9fJNSJ-O5q30ik/edit?usp=sharing 

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144: Introducing the Christology in the Book of Revelation

144: Introducing the Christology in the Book of Revelation

October 29, 2020

The Book of Revelation has much to say about the person and identity of Jesus Christ. This episode introduces the Christology of Revelation by looking at how Jesus is portrayed in the opening verses of the first chapter. We note that Revelation depicts Jesus as subordinate to God, Jesus is distinguished from God, and that Jesus was faithful to God. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Bt7k4pwMV-SOi-cIq9pcaX7G2FJVKS3KFKo0LSv8IrY/edit?usp=sharing        

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143: Who is the True God Revealed in John’s Apocalypse?

143: Who is the True God Revealed in John’s Apocalypse?

October 22, 2020

The Book of Revelation is known for its images and metaphors. This episode explores how Revelation reveals the person and identity of the true God. The most powerful image for God is that he is the one seated upon the throne. This image, which expresses the truths that God is in charge and he is ruling, is later employed within the narrative of Revelation to show that the exalted Jesus shares in God's rule. The Book of Revelation is also clear that the true God is the God of Jesus. Lastly, we note that the one seated upon the throne is to be the God of the intended readers.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/10CdK-Sjju0B8KHz9ltCE-YfBUbt3b2S3YlyUmhtNw5w/edit?usp=sharing         

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142: Individual Human Beings Expressed with Plural Forms

142: Individual Human Beings Expressed with Plural Forms

October 15, 2020

While the Hebrew concept called the "plural of majesty" described the one God with plural forms in order to heighten his excellence, what are we to make of plural forms used of individual human beings? This episode looks at instances in the Hebrew Bible where human individuals are portrayed with plural nouns, not unlike the plural of majesty examples. If plural forms can be used to describe human beings when it is clear that only one individual is in view, then the same conclusions should be drawn when plural forms are used of the Lord God, who is one person.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1c3DR9fxuF_d47RPTYj5rIiGdEhXdRVkE48n3QUFQAt8/edit?usp=sharing        

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141: Looking Further into God’s Plural of Majesty

141: Looking Further into God’s Plural of Majesty

October 8, 2020

As we continue to look at the plural of majesty, which seeks to explain how Israel's one God came to be expressed in occasional plural forms, we see that God's holiness is poetically depicted in the plural. We also explore references to God as the Creator and even as the covenant husband of Israel are sometimes in the plural. Lastly, we find that the plural of majesty has extended into biblical Aramaic sections of Scripture, particularly in regard to God as the Most High.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1WQK19EMVdUx-A--RlO6KrpErIL2UwKLad778dZyLmgI/edit?usp=sharing       

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140: God’s Plural of Majesty in the Psalms

140: God’s Plural of Majesty in the Psalms

October 1, 2020

The God revealed in the Old Testament is awesome and majestic, but this God is still a single, undivided self--one person. He is expressed in plural forms, like elohim, for intensification purposes, and this is regarded by Hebrew gramarrians as the plural of majesty. This episode explores how the plural of majesty is expressed throughout the Hebrew poetry of Psalms, where plural forms indicative of intensification are observed in verbs and multiple references for God's temple dwelling.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1PkgFXUizT2s_u6R0u-B9H93-z9zVdBubm31MWv5xJRM/edit?usp=sharing      

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139: An Introduction to the Plural of Majesty within the Hebrew Bible

139: An Introduction to the Plural of Majesty within the Hebrew Bible

September 24, 2020

Does the plural form of the Hebrew noun elohim indicate that Yahweh is a plurality of persons? Hebrew grammarians call this concept the "plural of majesty"--namely when elohim is paired with singular verbs to indicate that God is only one person (not two or three persons). This episode introduces the "plural of majesty" in order to better understand the significance of plural references to God within the Hebrew Bible.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1eUH1N3_o2mafBTM2FrzHMZ7RtptKeg--1hOKPQm126E/edit?usp=sharing     

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138: Malachi 3:1 and the Preexistence of Jesus

138: Malachi 3:1 and the Preexistence of Jesus

September 17, 2020

Apologists for the preexistence of Jesus Christ sometimes suggest that Malachi 3:1 is proof of their claim. This episode looks closely at Malachi 3:1 to see what it says, if anything, about the preexistence of Jesus. We listen to the wisdom of biblical scholars on Malachi to see what they have to say. We also consider how the New Testament authors interpret Malachi 3:1.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/11CKws0mTrkaMZHcS8fHWwump57faalbJ0Ef_UItYrGs/edit?usp=sharing    

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137: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Audience Q&A

137: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Audience Q&A

September 10, 2020

This episode of the Biblical Unitarian Podcast lets us tune into the never before released live Q&A that took place after my recent debate on whether Jesus Christ consciously preexisted his birth. You can listen to the debate in its entirety here: https://youtu.be/Nmg_y4q4RsQ.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1xB7iDoF8tOo1m1dt88ECESlV4ARTFzRHehJ7Nn9MN6w/edit?usp=sharing     

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136: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Cross-Examination and Closing Statements

136: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Cross-Examination and Closing Statements

September 3, 2020

In this episode, we get to hear the final portions of my recent debate regarding whether Jesus Christ preexisted his birth consciously. In particular, we will listen to the cross-examination and the closing statements. I also offer some insider perspective on why I chose the cross-examination question that I used as well as some thoughts on the conclusion of the debate.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1k9PWcHEd5o2PWojFEsPnEXvdGJVgDbwoXtKIt0xc69g/edit?usp=sharing    

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135: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - First and Second Rebuttals

135: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - First and Second Rebuttals

August 27, 2020

In this episode, we listen to the next segment of my recent debate/dialogue with Mr. Eric Miller on the nature of Jesus' preexistence. Eric Miller argued that Jesus did consciously preexist his birth while I argued that Jesus came into existence at his birth. We both have a chance to offer two rebuttals, with Mr. Miller beginning and with me following afterward. I offer some insights and commentary on why I framed my two rebuttals in the manner that I did. Feel free to listen to the debate in its entirety here: https://youtu.be/Nmg_y4q4RsQ 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ENlEgadWg1dXUqpUzoC8tZQNh-fMMxXjjJfHpzRuR8s/edit?usp=sharing   

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134: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Opening Statements

134: The Miller/Smith Debate on Jesus’ Preexistence - Opening Statements

August 20, 2020

In this week's episode, we will listen to the opening statements of my recent debate with Mr. Eric Miller on the nature of Jesus' preexistence. I also offer a few reflections on the debate. To listen to the entire debate, click on this link: https://youtu.be/Nmg_y4q4RsQ 

Please consider supporting this Podcast and future projects by donating at:

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XMOlDtwGV3B3atm3YT3S55Z_ONiqe-K_T3m6jHFqv5Q/edit?usp=sharing   

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133: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Peter

133: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Peter

August 13, 2020

The first letter of Peter offers much insight into Petrine Christianity, especially its monotheism and Christology. This episode examines how Peter regarded the God of Jesus and wrestles with difficult passages surrounding Jesus' person and preexistence.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1isa40dfJFfIHZjG_3EL6FFTdlm_X83fj4jT6BUHk04M/edit?usp=sharing   

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132: The Early Christian View of God in Philippians

132: The Early Christian View of God in Philippians

August 6, 2020

Philippians is the letter of Paul that many interpreters feel exhibits high Christology. What we actually find is that Paul holds of a high human Christology, where the obedient king took upon the attitude of the Suffering Servant and was highly exalted afterward. Paul continues to portray his monotheism, human Christology, and his understanding of the relationship between God and Christ in terms that are consistent with second temple Judaism.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1cn2njXhRkxuqQd54nrspjYk6FkVwM1lVyKvBhiTIVtw/edit?usp=sharing  

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131: The Early Christian View of God in Romans

131: The Early Christian View of God in Romans

July 30, 2020

Paul's massive letter to the Romans has much to say about monotheism, Christology, and the relationship between God and Jesus. For Paul, God continues to be one person, as expressed in the Jewish Shema. Jesus is the descendant of David and the second Adam--a human being. This episode also explores some of the trickier passages in Romans surrounding the person of Jesus and his exalted role as Lord. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1QTIibg8TPdzXCVUsLNlRMa6GE5tF7Cbg_qKOMCFKj-8/edit?usp=sharing 

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130: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Corinthians

130: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Corinthians

July 23, 2020

In this episode, we examine 2 Corinthians to see how Paul understands the true God and the risen Jesus. We discuss the benediction of 2 Corinthians which is often thought of being a reference to the Trinity. Furthermore, we examine the theology of the "rich" Jesus who became poor, asking if this is even a reference to incarnation at all. We also pay special attention to the theology of the God and Father of the Lord Jesus Christ. 

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/12L0XX3af0Dn4OytXL65fsCbGkO-fdGdXWrMUZhZXJ9Y/edit?usp=sharing   

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129: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Corinthians

129: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Corinthians

July 16, 2020

In 1 Corinthians, Paul clearly defines the Christian God to be one person, the Father. Jesus is the human Messiah whose death was sufficient to cover sins. The risen and exalted Jesus remains subordinate to the Father in both rank and function. Paul also details his Wisdom Christology in 1 Corinthians, and in doing so he regards God's personified Wisdom as the type of the man Jesus Christ.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1FJHrawiMUgvekPpJRvTCBzGcj6Gn_bRvrk62T1L0trc/edit?usp=sharing    

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128: The Early Christian View of God in Galatians

128: The Early Christian View of God in Galatians

July 9, 2020

In this episode, we look at how God and Christ are portrayed in the early letter of Galatians. We note that Paul regards God as a single person, as the Father alone. Furthermore, we observe that Jesus is the Son of God who was born of a woman and who died. God, of course, woke Jesus up from the dead. The resurrected Jesus represents believers as those who are "in Christ"--that is, those who are represented by the anointed king Jesus.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1DiDewqlKqyUEbpB5hQauU0LhfX_IiDsvW2WDN77bbTA/edit?usp=sharing  

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127: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Thessalonians

127: The Early Christian View of God in 2 Thessalonians

July 2, 2020

How did early Christians understand the exalted Jesus alongside the one true God of Israel in 2 Thessalonians? This episode examines the contents of this epistle in order to see if the Jewish God is anything other than a single self--the Father. Furthermore, we look at how the exalted Jesus is described with titles, roles, and acts of judgment. Lastly, we consider whether the Lord Jesus Christ is "our God" in a disputed passage.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1v2yEJgtV1CZ6lOO6H5KYLFRGWOIscMwigRV2fdGkOYY/edit?usp=sharing 

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126: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Thessalonians

126: The Early Christian View of God in 1 Thessalonians

June 25, 2020

In what ways did early Christianity depict God and Christ in terms of Jewish monotheism? Some scholars have argued that, in various ways, the distinction between God and Jesus were blurred by early Christians, especially Paul. This episode looks at 1 Thessalonians, the early document in the New Testament, to determine how Paul depicted the risen Jesus in relation to the monotheistic God of Judaism. 1 Thessalonians repeatedly insists that the Father is the true God and that Jesus is our Lord, through whom God actively works.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ZHnYhwoO2_COp14szenErqoaomhp3iy4q8cNZvGYUmo/edit?usp=sharing 

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125: The John 1:18 Show

125: The John 1:18 Show

June 18, 2020

John 1:18 concludes the Prologue of the Fourth Gospel. In doing so, it has much to say about God and Jesus. John 1:18 defines the unseen God as the Father alone, thus distinguishing Jesus from God. There is also a tricky textual variant in John 1:18 that continues to divide commentators and translations. Arguments are made in favor of the "unique son" reading as the original. Lastly, the unique son who explains the unseen God defines the relationship between the two that will appear frequently in the Fourth Gospel's narrative.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XWPxJatJaY5Jk0A9dHCLyZugeyesHzdueW54IBYo8Fk/edit?usp=sharing 

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124: The Meaning of “Protos” in The Prologue of John

124: The Meaning of “Protos” in The Prologue of John

June 11, 2020

What does "protos" mean in John 1:15? Is John the Baptist saying that Jesus outranked him or that Jesus was before John in some sense? This episode dives deep into John 1:15 and weighs the strengths and weaknesses of the two different meanings of the ambiguous Greek word "protos". The study concludes by situating John 1:15 in light of the Prologue's theology of Jesus as the embodiment of God's personified word and wisdom.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1e75HaQ5LyEf8arfqZtCRI0vOu1pjCirVtoZKtQkAqHM/edit?usp=sharing 

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123: The Meaning and Origin of Monogenes (John 1:14)

123: The Meaning and Origin of Monogenes (John 1:14)

June 4, 2020

While John 1:14 has traditionally regarded Jesus as the "only-begotten" one, modern lexical experts are arguing that "unique" or "one of a kind" is a more accurate translation. This episode explores how the Prologue and the rest of the Gospel of John use this Greek adjective "monogenes" in regard to the human Jesus. In doing so, we focus on the meaning of the adjective and its origins within Jewish depictions of Lady Wisdom.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/10q2EqcYghOWeNPZ-sX5bj98zX_5R3hL2OYD80fAs7cE/edit?usp=sharing

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122: The Embodied Logos That Pitched His Tent (John 1:14)

122: The Embodied Logos That Pitched His Tent (John 1:14)

May 28, 2020

In John 1:14, God's personified Logos becomes flesh and "pitched his tent" in a manner that suggests a tabernacle and temple theme. This episode explores the imagery of the Logos "pitching his tent" within Jewish wisdom traditions. We discuss how the man Jesus functions as the new temple presence within the Fourth Gospel, drawing people unto himself while teaching within the physical temple. Lastly, we explore the relevance of the temple's glory in its close link with God's wisdom.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1hBDjyqtjTXM6qj31SsTUxHE0aZ3LP1ZVdw4X492HsIE/edit?usp=sharing    

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121: The Origins of the Word Becoming Flesh (John 1:14)

121: The Origins of the Word Becoming Flesh (John 1:14)

May 21, 2020

John 1:14 indicates that the Word--God's personified speech--becomes flesh as the human being Jesus. This episode shows how the embodiment of God's personified attributes was depicted in previous portrayals of Lady Wisdom, specifically in Proverbs, Sirach, and Philo. The Prologue, which has been deeply influenced by Jewish wisdom speculation, must be read in light of this important evidence.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1jUWYH5Kd63pDh4r3Ak6fp7JR47kVZu7Et4-AC2RiNO0/edit?usp=sharing   

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120: The Mission of the Logos in the Prologue

120: The Mission of the Logos in the Prologue

May 14, 2020

The Prologue of John portrays the Logos coming to the world and interacting with its people. Many refused to receive the Logos, but some believed and became children of God. This episode explores how the Logos is to be understood as coming to the world in the ministry of Jesus, who summons the world to believe.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/18FS6c5JUs3eOeyYY3ZDxpSpCgtVSIlCppbV--YmLLgY/edit?usp=sharing  

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119: John the Baptist and the Logos that Enlightens

119: John the Baptist and the Logos that Enlightens

May 7, 2020

The Prologue of the Fourth Gospel depicts the Logos in terms of life and light for human beings. These terms become symbolic of noteworthy narrative points that are picked up later in the Fourth Gospel. The Prologue also introduces John the Baptist and depicts him as one who testifies about the light of the world (Jesus) who summons humanity unto belief.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Dxcp2GlCg2n8otjT7I3kwHLKn6p0j660eGl_wvcdHCU/edit?usp=sharing 

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118: John 1:3 and Creating through Word and Wisdom

118: John 1:3 and Creating through Word and Wisdom

April 30, 2020

This episode focusses entirely on John 1:3 and its Jewish wisdom context. Prior to the writing of the Prologue of John, many Jews and Christians regarded acts in creation in terms of God making all things through his personified word/wisdom. We also explore the influences on John 1:3 from Genesis chapter one.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1D-mh1HhkQfz_jI-XHXMlnmhz5GbI4KeQ037nCuGQJNs/edit?usp=sharing 

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117: Exploring the Phrase “the Word Was God” in John 1:1

117: Exploring the Phrase “the Word Was God” in John 1:1

April 23, 2020

This episode seeks to inform our listeners of what some modern scholars are saying about the last phrase in John 1:1, "the Word was God." These specialists argue that "the Word" and "God" are clearly distinguished and that "God" is an adjectival predication for the personified Word.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1iy1-kuX8fL0eqx7IbGGG-u2WQdbf2GoCZTJwakVr5jQ/edit?usp=sharing 

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116: The Origins of Johannine Logos That Was “With God”

116: The Origins of Johannine Logos That Was “With God”

April 16, 2020

In this episode, we explore how portrayals of the personified word and personified wisdom of God influenced the opening line of John's Gospel, i.e. "the Word was with God." We note several Jewish texts--all predating the Gospel of John--where poets depicted God with his word/wisdom, without suggesting that these personified attributes were conscious divine persons.

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115: The Origins of the Johannine Logos in the Hebrew Bible

115: The Origins of the Johannine Logos in the Hebrew Bible

April 9, 2020

This episode explores the origins of the Logos from what is depicted in John chapter 1, the "word" that was present "in the beginning" as well as existing "with God." We look into the Hebrew counterpart of Logos within the Old Testament, surveying its range of lexical meaning. This episode gives special attention to the passages in the Old Testament where the "word" is personified as an agent of God's creation and redemption.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/19nwiwgJJupaVEz9Qk9MVnHn7gdnPLZ-OfnT2J0Uq9Hw/edit?usp=sharing                

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114: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 7 of 7)

114: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 7 of 7)

April 2, 2020

As we conclude our study on the "Son of Man" sayings in the Gospel of John, we note an insistence that Jesus is a representative figure for human beings, who are drawn unto him. Also, we observe particular stress upon the fact that Jesus died fully and completely, indicating his mortality. Moreover, we discuss the hour of the Son of Man's glorification and note how this helps frame the important relationship between the true God and his human agent, Jesus.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/1n5JCnjVi5Ih4rurq24SilmUqZM37BYiJ2hJoVvrU4B0/edit?usp=sharing               

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113: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 6)

113: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 6)

March 26, 2020

In John chapter 9, the blind man is healed and confesses Jesus as the Son of Man. In doing so, we learn that the Son of Man is a fully-fledged human being, functioning as God's agent. Those who do not regard Jesus as the true agent of God in the passage are judged as blind and still in their sins.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1G--AkQD4LLGPK2ob78FwwWiy7eC1EgWSmTNZT5tr-Yc/edit?usp=sharing              

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112: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 5)

112: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 5)

March 19, 2020

In John 8:28, the Son of Man claims "I am he." This has lead to a variety of interpretations. This episode looks at three modern scholarly views of what this phrase means for our current passage and the Gospel of John as a whole.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1ahe7DZ_lAU-70jo-lrZhZJAUKCqbwDQYTtx8bcv37nk/edit?usp=sharing             

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111: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 4)

111: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 4)

March 12, 2020

This episode focusses on John 6:62, where the Son of Man speaks of the scandal of ascending to where he was previously. How can we take seriously the identity of the Son of Man as the human agent of God while also giving fair weight to the insistence that he is to ascend to where he was before? This episode provides a balanced interpretation worth considering.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1XEotiKY2tvLAVOiIYc0Yylnl63d4zJTNMDkewIt6tcA/edit?usp=sharing            

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110: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 3)

110: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 3)

March 5, 2020

In John chapter six, the narrative presents Jesus as the Son of Man who is the bread of life. In doing so, Jesus is portrayed as a human being in the strongest possible terms. However, the Son of Man's flesh is also depicted as coming down out of heaven, arguably as a reference to Logos Christology and Wisdom Christology.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1-YBClAqJa377qOFvcCM6a3_3uMoXKWG2HHynZfsquVc/edit?usp=sharing           

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109: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 2)

109: ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John (Part 2)

February 27, 2020

As we continue our exploration into the Fourth Gospel's depiction of Jesus as the Son of Man, we observe that this human being is to be the object of a believer's faith. We also note that the Son of Man is authorized to exercise divine prerogatives, specifically, to give eternal life and to execute judgment.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1E0cM44wCYWOK0D58X3060OwEjKJvAd3HIjMWHaXqkRk/edit?usp=sharing          

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108: Introducing ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John

108: Introducing ‘Son of Man’ Christology in the Gospel of John

February 20, 2020

The Gospel of John has many 'Son of Man' sayings that are not located in the previous three Gospels. In this episode, we explore the Son of Man who acts as the ladder between the open heavens and those on earth. We also explore how this authorized human being functions exclusive revealer of the things of heaven while remaining an actual human being.

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https://docs.google.com/document/d/19A7EaVlwwTMQBE64W8xlwZ7n-KGzuOtO-ZkoZC5QBaw/edit?usp=sharing         

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107: Luke’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

107: Luke’s ‘Son of Man’ Christology

February 13, 2020

In this episode, we explore the Gospel of Luke and its understanding of Jesus' favorite self-reference, the Son of Man. In doing so, we discuss passages where Jesus is the human representative of the suffering people of God, both past and present, as well as depictions of the Son of Man as 'Wisdom' and as the mortal one who died and rose.

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To view the notes from this episode please click the link below:

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mRHPeGKlovgOAnYyZIshZmd3OK7mP9WL-Udug1Iy8yQ/edit?usp=sharing         

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